Concert Photography

The concert photography is one of the most difficult fields in the photography world, different to others kind of photos; in this photography we have no control of almost anything in the picture. We can’t direct the object being photographed, we do not have control over the lighting, which is constantly changing, also there are people around us who paid money for enjoying the show so we can’t annoy them and last but not least we have limited restrictions on any angle.

Tips for improving your concert photography 

1- Always use “M” (Manual Mode)

The lights in the concerts change a lot so you need to have to be able to control all the settings of your camerareally fast if you don’t want to lose the perfect photo.

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(Photo by Canon Digital Learning Center – Canon Global, License CC)

2- Use the Lowest Aperture Possible

Use fast lenses. Set your aperture to the smallest number on your lens (. f/1.8). This allows the most possible light to enter your sensor and is an excellent option with low light situations.


Unless you want to have photo with a moving effect, use a fast shutter speed so you make sure you freeze the action, the formula to know what exactly is the speed that freezes the action is: Make sure the speed is higher than the number of your lens so if you have a 28mm -135mm to make sure you freeze the action you have to set the speed greater than 135.

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(Photo by Hani Amir, License CC)

4- Use High ISO 

The higher the ISO less light you need to a correct composition but also need to be alert of the noise.

5- Spot Metering 

This takes a light reading limited to the center of your viewfinder so check your manua and set this setting. When shooting concerts, you will often find yourself in a situation where the artist is hit by a spotlight and the rest of the stage is almost dark. When using spot metering mode, place the artist’s face in the middle of your viewfinder and you’ll get the right exposure for it.


(Photo by Natasha Díaz, License CC)

6- Use Burst 

Set your camera to multi-shot mode, It allows you to rapidly shoot three to four photos in a row of course depending on the frames per second of your camera model. Is important to set this feature because in a concert the subject move a lot and you don’t want a blurry photo, you want a perfect still photo.


(Photo by Natasha Díaz, License CC)

7- Never use Flash 

First of all, if you use flash in a concert I’m sure you are going to get kick out because the light of the flash annoys the person in front and also flash pictures don’t look awesome so don’t use it.


(Photo by Natasha Díaz, License CC)

8- Shoot in RAW

If you shoot in JPEG mode, the internal camera computer adds contrast, saturation and sharpness to your photos. The files look great when you open them on your computer, but you can’t manage them in post-production. If you shoot in RAW format, the camera does not process the photo and the advantage is that you can change things like exposure, white balance, saturation, contrast and clarity.

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(Photo by The Phoblographer, License CC)

9- Use Silhouettes 

Lenses with over 2.8 aperture can cause problems when trying to capture the subject on focus. This is because of the changing lights that are usually dark. One of the solutions is to shoot silhouettes. Is better to have a silhouette that is very clear so that the viewer can see and understand what the subject in the frame it is without seeing his faces. You can take a good silhouettes when there is no light on the subject and the only lights are behind the band, singer or dancer.

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(Photo by, License CC)



Portrait Photography

Portrait photography is a photograph of a person or group of people that captures the personality of the subject by using effective lighting, backdrops, and poses.

The portrait photography is important because you can see how you change overtime or your family and if you don’t like being photographed think that in years to come when members of your family are looking for photos of you, what will they find?, you may be thinking in all the negative things to not take a portrait but you have to realize that NOW is the perfect time because later you are going to say “I’m too old for that” or things like that so don’t make excuses.


(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Tips to improve your portrait photography:

1- Wide aperture – All depends of the type of portrait that you want but one of my favorite type of portrait is when I use a wide aperture because the background behind your subject is nicely blurred, making them stand out better.

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(Photo by Neilvan Niekerk, License CC)

2- Shutter speed – You have to be alert of the shutter speed because you don’t want a shake photo, you want a perfect still photo. A basic rule is: Make sure your shutter speed is higher than your effective focal length. For example, at 200mm use a 1/250 sec shutter speed or faster.

Image result for jesslee buchanan best photos

(Photo by Jesslee Buchanan, License CC)

3- Increase your ISO (But avoid the noise)

The best lens for a portrait: 

  • Canon EF 85mm f/1.2L II USM.
  • Canon 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM.
  • Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM.
  • Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L II USM.
  • Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM.
  • Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 85mm f/1.4G.
  • Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8G AF-S ED VR II.
  • Nikon 50mm f/1.8G AF-S.

Related image

(Photo by Katya Miro, License CC)

4- Make rapport with the model –  Take time to chat with your subject before the shoot – have a meet and talk over your ideas so both of you are connected to the shooting and in the same page.

When the shoot begins, offer them direction, don’t shoot silently. Tell them what you want and how you want them to pose. Remember as well to show them some shots because this can build confidence.

5- Use a reflector – One of the easy ways and affordable to add some light to your portraits and to give them a professional look is to use a reflector. Use them indoors (near windows) or outdoors to bounce light back onto your subjects and to fill in unwanted shadows.

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(Photo by Wesctott, License CC)

6- Focusing the camera – When using wide apertures, your depth of field decreases dramatically, so it’s crucial you know where to focus, otherwise you could end up with out-of-focus face, like the person’s nose may be sharp but the eyes soft. So my recommendation is that With large apertures, focus on the eyes, with wider aperture, focus on the head.

Image result for karla souza best photos

(Photo by Karla Souza, License CC)

7- Posing your model – If the person you are photographing is not a professional model, the person may need help to pose, so it helps if you bring examples in your phone or printed so the person can look and try to copy it.

Image result for the best poses for a photoshootImage result for the best poses for a photoshoot

(Art by Digital Photography School, License CC)

8- Try black and white 

If you take a portrait and you don’t love the result try change the picture to black and white in some cases the picture looks like if it was a different photo, in some cases the photo look better in black and white.

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(Photo by Northrup.Photo, License CC)


(Photos by Axel Santiago, License CC)


Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography is a profession which demands a passion for nature and art. Wildlife photographers make a career of traveling to remote areas and taking pictures of wild animals and natural scenery, personally my wildlife photos are of domestic animals but it counts.

Also this photography is important because it helps document all the animals that exist in the world and if for a reason one animal get extinct, the years will pass and thanks to the photos we are going to know how it look so this photography is an historical document too.

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(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Here are some tips to improve your wildlife photography:

1- Know your camera – The really great moments in wildlife photography last between 5 and 20 seconds so is not much and you have to know your camera well so you can shoot in the right moment and not lose the best shot.

You should know things like:

What the minimum shutter speed so you can obtain a sharp image with your camera

How high you can push your camera’s ISO setting without getting noise

What is the minimum and max of your aperture

2- Know your subject – Much of wildlife photography is based on capturing fleeting moments of natural history, you have to know the poses and behavior of the animal you are taking a picture so you can anticipate what he is going to do next and take the shot. To know them theres only one way and is spend time with them or watch videos o the internet. Don’t just hang around for a few minutes and look out the next subject if the one you are observing or photographing isn’t doing what you expect because maybe if you leave you lose a great picture.

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(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

3- The rule of thirds –  “Is applied by aligning a subject with the guide lines and their intersection points, placing the horizon on the top or bottom line, or allowing linear features in the image to flow from section to section”.

Is recommend it because is more pleasing to the eye and looks more natural than one where the subject is placed right in the middle of the frame also it give life and a flow to the picture.

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(Photo by Codrops, License CC)

4- Shoot wider and shoot closer


(Photos by Axel Santiago, License CC)

5- Patience – Nature is unpredictable. Anything can happen at any time and most of the time happen rarely, they rarely coincide with the exact time that you are in that specific spot waiting to take the shot (Yeah I know is frustrating). You have to be patient.

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(Photo by Max Rinaldi, License CC)

Recommend it Gear:


Head Lamp

Telephoto Lens – Canon 200-400 f/4 L IS 1.4ext –  Canon 100-400


Rain Cover

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(Photos by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Architecture Photography

Architecture photography is photographing buildings and similar structures that are aesthetically amazing. Architectural photographers are usually skilled in the use of specialized techniques and equipment.

Is important that you know that architecture photographers and real sate photographers are not the same.  Real estate photographers look properties with the intention of making a sale. Architecture photographers, focused on capturing the aesthetic and intention of a structure in the most interesting, creative and unique way possible.


(MIAMI by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Here are some tips to improve your architecture photography skills:

1- Look around the place,  your subject isn’t going anywhere so take your time to look around and discover the best angle, convergences of lines and perspectives to take the shot. The most obvious point of view is not the most interesting.

2- Use a tripod, it all depends of the situation and the photo you want to take but in some cases maybe you need to use a small aperture to maximize depth of field, which will need a slow shutter speed that make difficult hand-holding. Always bring a tripod to really avoid any chance of camera shake, is better have it and do not use that do not have it and need it.

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(Photo by Contrastly, License CC)

3- Optional – Add a human to the picture, if you add a human you would give a sense of relative scale of how big is the building. Be sure your human is dressed appropriately to the mood of the space. If it’s an office building, he or she should wear business look.

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(Photo by, License CC)

4- Watch your White Balance, when you shoot at night or indoors, be aware that the color temperature of the artificial light can change the color of the architecture. This may not necessarily be a bad thing but it is something that you need to be aware of. Rather than using auto white balance, shoot RAW and use a color calibration kit such as the Datacolor Spyder 4 to get the most accurate color from image capture.

5- Use wide angle lens

6 – Take the shot

Suggest Gear for architecture photography:

Tilt-Shift (AKA perspective control) lens 

Canon 17mm TS-E F/4L

Canon 24mm TS-E F/3.5L II

Canon 45mm TS-E f/2.8

Canon 90mm TS-E F/2.8

Nikon PC-E Nikkor 24mm f/3.5D ED

Nikon PC-E Nikkor 45mm f/2.8D

Nikon PC-E Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D

A Tilt-Shift lens projects an image that is larger than the area covered by the camera’s sensor. When photographing architecture, a photographer shifts the front element to get rid of the “falling backwards” effect that occurs when shooting up towards a tall building, and uses the tilt feature to control depth of field.


Dolica Proline 68″ Professional Tripod

Slik Pro II Tripod

MeFOTO RoadTrip Aluminum Travel Tripod


(NY by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Polarizing Filter

When photographing architecture, what’s reflected on mirrors and windows is sometimes part of the story you’re telling. But at other times, you’ll need to eliminate reflections on windows, also if you want to make an long exposure shot and the sun is still out you can do it with the filter.


(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Adobe Photoshop 

To fix light problems and imperfections on the photos photoshop is great.


(Photos by Axel Santiago, License CC)





The Bokeh Effect

The bokeh effect is the quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by a lens but you can also make it using your computer screen. Bokeh has been defined as “the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light”.


(Spider Man Bokeh, by Axel Santiago, License CC)

How to do it?

1- Use the right lens ( Use a fast lens, since aperture impacts the depth of field. The best lenses for beautiful bokeh are portrait lenses such as 50mm f/1.4, 85mm f/1.4 and 70-200mm f/2.8

2 – Set your camera on M (Manual Mode)

3 – Select a small aperture

4- Get close to your subject

5 – Focus on what you want to be sharp

6 – Place your subject far from the background you want blurred out.

7 – Take the shot


(Bokeh by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Tips for an excellent bokeh:

1- You can experiment bokeh at your home. But, if you want to be a different photographer and impress with yours pictures, grab your gear and head out on the streets

2- Night is the best time to shoots bokeh, there is no rule that bokehs should not be shot during the day. but, it’s more fun to shoot bokehs at night, the colors are better, the  patterns look beautiful when shot at night.

3- Make sure your find a place with a proper light, Light is the most important factor for photography and shooting bokeh is not the exceptions . When the background has a good light it’s easier to get those perfect patterned bokehs. If the light is insufficient bokehs maybe will not turn out well.

4- Manual Focus is a good tool, shooting bokehs with the focus in auto mode can be quite a pain. Focusing, adjusting, refocusing you will end up doing repeatedly. Manual focus works best.

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(Photo by Shilpa Venkat, License CC)

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(Photo by, License CC)

(Photos by Drew Gurian, License CC)

Long Exposure Photography?

The long exposure photography is a technique that involves using a long-duration shutter speed to sharply capture the stationary things of images while blurring, smearing, or obscuring the moving things.


(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Step 1 – Use a tripod

Step 2 – Focus the subject and lock the focus.  If you are using the autofocus mode, you should focus by half-pressing the shutter button, and once the focus has been made, while still holding down the shutter button halfway, turn off the Auto Focus to Manual. by doing that, your camera will maintain the focus.

Step 3 – Set the Aperture (Exposure)


(Photo by Axel Santiago, License CC)

Set your camera to M (Manual mode) then set the aperture to an appropriate value, it all depends on the weather or time you are taking the picture.

Step 4  (Optional) Add your Neutral Density (ND filter), maybe you will not be able to see through the viewfinder or the Live View. Do not worry, sometimes it happens, you can’t see, but your camera will see everything perfectly.

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(Photo by , License CC)

Step 5: Set the time that your shutter will be open, I recommend that you start on 30 seconds and see how it go and if is overexposed then you decrease the time or decrease the aperture, managing the Iso is the last option.

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(Photo by, License CC)

Step 6: Take the picture


Dark Web: What is It?

Written by Juan Torres and Axel Santiago

The definition of the dark web, according to Oxford’s Dictionary: The part of the World Wide Web that is only accessible by means of special software, allowing users and website operators to remain anonymous or untraceable.

Image result for dark web definition

(Picture by PaperGeek License CC)

The dark web is hundreds of times bigger than the World Wide Web. Only about 40 percent of the world’s population uses the Web for news, entertainment and communication. It is also have the commercial underworld, called the “darknet,”. It’s a place where drugs and weapons are openly traded, where terrorists link up, and where assassins bid on contract killings and also in recent years, the “darknet” has found itself in government problems, with the FBI and National Security Agency (NSA) looking  down drug merchants and pornographers.

The dark web takes a large part of the world wide web. Only about 40 percent of the world’s population uses the Web for news, entertainment and communication. It is also have the commercial underworld, called the “darknet,”. It’s a place where drugs and weapons are openly traded, where terrorists link up, and where assassins bid on contract killings and also in recent years, the “darknet” has found itself in government problems, with the FBI and National Security Agency (NSA) looking  down drug merchants and pornographers. Dark web sites look pretty much like any other site, but there are differences. One is the naming. instead of ending in .com or .co, dark web sites end in .onion.

¿How to access the dark web?

You can’t get to the Dark Web using your regular web browser (Google). You all need a special browser. The best and most popular is Tor. With Tor, you are able to reach not only the Dark Web, but the even smaller section known as the Tor Network. This area of the internet is built so you can be in anonymity also all transactions are done using bitcoins, a digital currency that allows users to buy things online without leaving the paper trail of a credit card.

Dangers of the dark web 

If you want to use the dark web (Do not recommended it), the most important thing would be to do it with a lot of caution. In the dark web chances of being scammed out of your money are  higher than the regular internet. One thing you should do is to cover your webcam with tape, as you might be secretly recorded. Also, never download any software or plugin from the deep web, it could be used to hack into your system. Also access your private documents while being in the dark web.


In the iOS world exists apps that allow you search on a private server that keep your identity anonymous and you can also download things that the safe web don’t allow you.



Egan, M.Thinking of venturing on to the dark web? you might want to change your mind. Retrieved from

Sparapani, T. (2016). The dark web is still A huge, difficult problem. Retrieved from

Waugh, R. (2015-07-08T09:44:13+0000). 12 scary things which happen when you go on the ‘dark web’. Retrieved from

What is the dark web? Retrieved from

Experts of the dark web: @TimSparapani , @MattJEgan@DarrenGuccione@__AnnaTe@RJCreationzzz

Websites and blogs that talk about the dark web:


Exploring NYC

In this next post I’m going to make an itinerary for a trip to New York City, hope you enjoy the trip.

The amazing of New York is that the main attractions are close to each other and with the advantage of the “Subway” you can go to all of them using the train so you can save the money of the rent of the car and the gas but this trip we are going in car.  Let’s say we are  going to start our journey in Central Park , later we go and see the amazing Statue of Liberty , later we go to the Madison Square Garden and see the concert of Justin Timberlake, when the concert ends, we proceed to see some sport and see the NY Yankees game on the Yankees Stadium and hope they win, later if we are on the Christmas time we can go to the Rockefeller Center to do some ice skating and have some fun, and of course we have to visit one of the highest building in the world: The Empire State Building and see the awesome view of Manhattan from 1,224 ft up and of course we can’t leave New York without going to Time Square do some shopping and watch theater of Broadway, at the end of this journey we have travel 1 hour and 48 minute without counting the time enjoying the attractions and a distance of 33.0 miles it was a busy day but New York do not ends here there are a lot places we didn’t visit on this trip so we have to come back.

Down here, I’m going to add the route that we use to visit all this places, the newspaper of the city and also pictures of the places we visit.

New York Times – One of the most famous newspaper of the city of New York

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empire state building

(Empire State Building, by Ralph Hockens, License CC)
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(Central Park, by Arch2O, License CC)

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(Rockefeller Center by Anthony Quintano, License CC)

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(Times Square by Huffington Post, License CC)

Image result for yankees stadium

( Yankees Stadium by Ballparks of Baseball, License CC)

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(Statue of Liberty by Reader’s Digest, License CC)

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(Madison Square Garden by Madison Square Garden Official, License CC)

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(Broadway by WHS Rebellion, License CC)

Summary: INF 103-4 – 15/2/18

In the next post I’m going to give a summary about what we talk in the class of February 15 of 2018 and in the end of the post I’m going to add the 3 videos that we see in class. We started talking that the profession of computing has a lot of demand in the industry of work and also that the women’s are a minority in this profession.  The professor also explain that the web and the internet are not the same.

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(Internet-world by Benjamin Kanarek Blog, License CC)

¿What is the internet?

Is a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols. It was created by Robert E. Kan and his colleague Vint Cerf on the 70, one of the motives that web was created is because the United States was in the middle of the Cold War with the Soviet Union and they were afraid of a nuclear bomb in the USA territory that destroys all of their communications so they invented the internet and what is incredible about it is that if one connection of the internet broke all the others connections of the web continue to work perfectly well.

This were the first internet connections:

Image result for arpanet 1969

(How the internet start, by, Licencia CC)

IP address = Internet Protocol

The IP address provides the country that your device is which device is the one you are using and the computer needs the IP address to be able to connect to the red and also every computer have a different IP address and they communicate with each other using the IP of each of them.

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(Computers communicating, by Dreamstime, License CC)

¿What is the Web?

The web is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet. It is an information and sharing model that is built on top of the Internet. The Web uses the HTTP protocol, to transmit data. Web services, which use HTTP to allow applications to communicate in order to exchange things. The Web also utilizes browsers, such as Internet Explorer or Firefox, to access Web documents called Web pages that are linked to each other via hyperlinks. Web documents also contain graphics, sounds, text and video.

HTTP = HyperText Transfer Protocol – HTML = HyperText Markup Language – HTTPS = HyperText Transport Protocol Secure – URL = Uniform Resources Locator

HTTP is the communications protocol used to connect to Web servers on the Internet or on a local network. The primary function is to establish a connection with the server and send HTML pages back to the user’s browser. HTTPS is the protocol used to access a secure Web server. When https:// is used as a Web address rather than the common http://, the session is managed by a security protocol, which is typically SSL, and the transmission is encrypted to and from the Web server, thanks to the HTTPS we can buy things on Amazon or Ebay or navigate on the internet without being afraid of being robbed by a hacker. URL is a protocol for specifying addresses on the Internet also an address that identifies a particular file on the Internet, usually consisting of the protocol, as http, followed by the domain name.

DNS = Domain Name Servers. The domain are like the IP address for the human and the DNS Are the internet’s equivalent of a phone book, they maintain a directory of domain names and translate them to Internet Protocol (IP Address). DNS is diveded in three: .com, .net and .org


HTTP and DNS: Manage the sending and receiving of Web files

IP and Routing: Break Down and transport Packets

Wires, Cables and Wifi: Binary Sequences of 1’s and 0’s are sent physically

The 3 videos that we see in class:


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